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5 Traditional Cultures of Vietnam

Though heavily influenced by Chinese culture, Vietnam, a mysterious land in Southeast Asia, also sees multiple changes along history, where you will discover a fascinating culture. If you are embarking on planning a trip to this amazing country, this article will show you 5 of traditional Vietnamese cultures that may help you get a glimpse of Vietnam first.


xich lo

A rickshaw is a two-wheel or three-wheel vehicle used for carrying passengers. One of the most acceptable theories about the invention of rickshaw believes that an American missionary invented it in order to carry his invalid wife. During the French colonial time, rickshaw, or more specifically, cyclo appeared in Vietnam, and became a popular transportation means. However, this unique vehicle now serves mainly as a tourist attraction. Unlike the two-wheel one pulled by man on foot, the rickshaws in Vietnam nowadays are powered by a man pedaling behind, with two of the wheels in the front and one in the back under the driver.

It's really an authentic way to explore the Vietnamese cities by rickshaw, which you can experience the local civil life, and the drivers are usually very passionate about telling you the stories and cultures of Vietnam. A rickshaw can take you to explore the Vietnamese culture closely


  1. For a better experience, we recommend that a rickshaw carries one person for a time.
  2. It's always wise to negotiate the charges before you jump into the cabin, in order to avoid unnecessary argument. One trick about bargaining with the drivers is that you can first offer a third of the price, and then haggle the fare to about half of the price. If the driver still refuses it, you can try pretending to walk away for seeking another driver, and then there's a great possibility that he will accept the deal.
  3. A rickshaw exploration to Hanoi's Old Quarter is recommended, which you can get a close touch to the local Vietnamese life.

Floating market


As the "rice bowl of Vietnam", the Mekong Delta's fertilization has breeding a gorgeous "water civilization". The local floating markets make up one of the special Vietnamese cultures. It is said that the floating markets date back to the 19th century, during the reign of Nguyen Dynasty. One of the special characteristics of floating markets is the produce samples hung on a lateral bar to help buyers know what the traders are selling. With traders carrying their fresh goods by boats, and doing the bargains on the water, the hustle and bustle of this unique scene has gained its popularity among travelers.

Fresh fruits are one of the main produce in the floating markets

Floating markets recommended:

  • Can Tho - Cai Rang market: a must-see floating market when traveling to Can Tho, and it's a big wholesale market, where you can find large quantities of fresh fruits being sold in this busy region. And the typical breakfast of the local area consists of rice noodles and soup sold on boats. It would be an authentic Vietnamese experience to taste the simon-pure cuisine while enjoying the floating feeling. Start time:5am, get crowded at 6am, so make sure you get up early enough to catch the busy scene.
  • Tien Giang – Cai Be market: just a short distance from Ho Chi Minh City, so it is quite convenient for foreign travelers to pay for a visit. This floating market also sees the trade of fruits and vegetables as well as sea food, and it starts not as early as other floating markets. It starts at the moment of sunrise, and lasts till late morning. During the lunar months from December 27/28 to January 6, the floating markets are usually closed, when Vietnamese are on their celebration of the Vietnamese New Year.

Water puppetry

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If there's one way that combines culture learning and entertainment, the intriguing water puppetry would be an excellent choice. Dating back to the 11th century, this unique variation of ancient Asian puppet art features the skillful manipulation of the puppets, with the puppeteers controlling different varieties of puppet characters through large bamboo rods behind a screen, and not letting the audience see the puppeteers. The show is played on a waist-deep pool, so it would look like the puppets are moving on the water themselves.

The stories of the puppet show are usually about people's daily lives, legends, and some historical heroes. And the background music is played live with story-telling singing, drums, pipes and other traditional instruments. It's a great cultural learning time to share with families. Water puppetry is both educational and entertaining

Where can you watch this show?

Located near the serene Hoan Kiem Lake, the Hanoi Water Puppet Theater is the place where you can admire this unique traditional Vietnamese art performance. The show will be put on every day at 15:30 – 17:00 – 18:30 – 20:00 – 21:15, and Sunday at 9:30.

Silk painting

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Silk painting was originally a traditional art form of painting on the home made rice paper, and later Nguyen Phan Chanh created the style of painting on silk that we see today. The elegance of this art soon became popular among the country for the softness and vibrant colors. Artists will directly use the silk canvas as the background, and then paint with water color, dye or ink. The beauty of a silk painting largely depends on the silk quality and the colors that chosen, and you will not get the chance to erase it if you paint a wrong stroke of brush on the silk. Just like the material that used, the silk paintings present a soft status with simple subjects and gentle painting style. They usually portray the countryside lives and beautiful natural landscapes. After developing for a long time, the Vietnamese silk paintings are now attracting both domestic and foreign fans to admire this unique art.

Where can you buy one?

There're fine art galleries and shops in Hanoi and Ho Chi Minh City where you can purchase silk paintings. You can tell our travel consultants your interest in buying a piece of this special art, and we will arrange and put it into your itinerary.

Vietnamese New Year


The Vietnamese New Year is also called the Tet. It is the most important traditional festival during Lunar New Year (usually around late January to early February), and people would celebrate it with different kinds of customs, such as ancestor worship, making special New Year food and writing couplet as well as other traditional activities. And people would go to visit friends or relatives' houses on the first day of Tet. For more information about traveling to Vietnam during Tet, check this article on our websites: Things to Know about Tet Festival (Vietnamese New Year).

  • Making Banh Chung

Banh Chung is one of the special traditional foods that people would make during the Vietnamese New Year. It is usually made of sticky rice, along with pork meat and green bean, all wrapped in the shape of perfect square with a leaf of a certain local plant called Dong. And then Vietnamese would place the Banh Chung and other foods on the ancestors' altars (ancestor worship) till cook them on one or two days before the New Year.

  • Setting up New Year trees

At the end of the preparation for the Tet, a piece of bare bamboo (4-5 meters long) will be set up, with a little bunch of leaves on the tip, and a basket holding some fish and bells made of baked clay, acting as the marks that lead the ancestors' spirits their way home to reunion with the living.

  • Couplet

It's an indispensable tradition that every family would put up a couplet on the two sides of the main entrance door. The sentences are usually written in two parts. Words of one part must have the opposite meaning to the other part and obey some specific matching rules, which create an easy-pronounced effect. And you can find these traditional couplets written on red paper and being sold on both sides of the street, forming a happy atmosphere.

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